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Breaking Down How Fiber Internet is Installed [Step-by-Step Guide]

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The modern internet is powered by fiber optics

People need reliable, high-speed internet for modern internet applications in both residential and business settings, and fiber delivers. 

The numbers reflect the trend, showing demand for fiber optic internet growing exponentially Just consider OECD statistics that show fiber internet as being the dominant internet connection type across developed countries, with fiber optic subscriptions in the U.S. having grown by as much as 252% in the last 3 years

So you might be wondering, how exactly is fiber internet installed, and how do fiber optic cables reach my home? Let’s break down the entire installation process from start to finish. 

How Fiber Internet is Installed: Explained in 5 Easy Steps

Step 1: Planning and Permits 

Before any physical work begins, your internet service provider (ISP) will conduct an initial planning phase. This involves surveying the installation area, identifying the best routes for fiber cables, and obtaining necessary permits from local authorities. This step ensures compliance with local regulations and minimizes future disruptions.

Step 2: Setting up the Infrastructure 

Next, the installation team gets to work in setting up the infrastructure. This will include laying down conduits (protective tubes that cover the fiber cables) along predetermined paths. These conduits are typically installed underground or attached to existing utility poles to minimize exposure and damage.

Step 3: Pulling Fiber Cables

With the conduits in place, the actual fiber optic cables are then threaded through them. Specialized equipment is used to pull the cables through these conduits without causing damage. This is a delicate process, as fiber optic cables are fragile and require careful handling.

Step 4: Splicing and Connecting

Once the cables are laid, technicians splice them together at strategic points to ensure continuous connectivity. This involves precisely cutting and joining fiber strands to extend reach and connect different segments. Each splice is then tested to verify that the signal quality meets industry standards.

Step 5: Installing Network Hubs 

Network hubs or distribution points are installed within the community. These hubs act as central points where the fiber optic signals are managed and redirected to individual homes or businesses. This setup allows for efficient distribution of high-speed internet across multiple locations.

Step 6: Running Fiber to Premises

The final step involves connecting the fiber from the local hub to individual premises. This connection can be made either by running cables directly to a building (a method known as Fiber to the Home, or FTTH) or to a central point in the neighborhood (Fiber to the Node, or FTTN), depending on the existing infrastructure and the ISP’s policy.

Step 7: Installation Inside the Premises

Inside the home or business, a technician installs an optical network terminal (ONT), which converts fiber optic signals into electrical signals that routers and other devices can use. The technician also sets up the necessary routing equipment and ensures that everything is fully operational before completing the installation.

Flume: Fiber Installation Experts in the U.S.

You might be reading this and wondering, “Oh, this process sure does seem tricky.”

If you opt for a reliable ISP, it’s not. Always make sure you’re getting a fiber optic internet connection from a trusted ISP that has a proven track record in fiber installation. Otherwise, you might experience hiccups and constant internet connectivity problems after you subscribe to a package.

If you’re in the U.S., you can always trust Flume with your fiber installation. We’re focused on providing quality service to each consumer and are constantly innovating to provide the best possible service to our consumers. 

Reach out to us here to see if you’re eligible for a Flume installation in your area.